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          VOA詞匯掌故2024--Is It Real or Bogus?

          時間:2024-04-22 03:01來源:互聯網 提供網友:nan ? 字體: [ ]

          Is It Real or Bogus?

            And now, Words and Their Stories, from VOA Learning English.

            You can trust that we are actually Voice of America Learning English. We are the real deal. We are authentic1.

            In other words, we are not bogus.

            Bogus is an adjective that means fake or phony. Something bogus is not genuine. It is a fraud. It's fraudulent.

            For example, the man's huge diamond ring was bogus. He told everyone it was a real diamond. But actually, it was just a piece of glass.

            Bogus can describe something that is a lie.

            If something like an explanation or reason is bogus, it's not true. For example, an employee might call her employer to say she needs a sick day off from work. But during the call, her boss hears loud, live music in the background. The employee was clearly at a music show. Her reason for not being at work was bogus.

            We could also say the employee's excuse did not hold water. Her excuse for missing work sounded bogus. It was not believable. It didn't hold water.

            Experts at the online dictionary Merriam-Webster explain that bogus began as a noun. In the early 19th century in the U.S., a bogus was a machine that made counterfeit2, or fake, money.

            Here's a fun fact: You can call bogus, counterfeit money funny money.

            Here is another word related to bogus – sham3. Sham, a noun, describes a fake, made-up situation. We use shams4 to cover up the truth.

            Let's hear some of these terms used in a short story.

            Two roommates work together at a bank. One day, they decide to steal all the gold and jewelry5 held in the bank's safe. So, they plot. They plan it out. First, they need an alibi6. Where can they be while the robbery is actually happening? They create a bogus alibi. They tell police that at the time of the robbery, they were together at a volunteer event, cleaning up a local park by the town's river.

            But after checking out their alibi, police brought the two in for questioning. Then detectives searched their shared apartment and found all the gold and jewels from the bank robbery.

            What made the police suspect them? Can you guess what detectives found at the river park that proved their alibi was a sham? A dirty park and river! They both had a huge amount of trash! Clearly, no clean-up event had ever taken place.

            Words in This Story

            authentic – adj. not false or imitation : real, actual

            bogus – adj. not genuine

            phony – adj. not genuine or real : intended to deceive or mislead

            genuine – adj. not pretended : sincere, honest

            fraud – n. an act of deceiving or misrepresenting : trick

            did not hold water – idiom : to not be or not appear to be true, verifiable, or able to be supported by facts

            counterfeit – adj. made in imitation of something else with intent to deceive


          1 authentic ZuZzs     
          • This is an authentic news report. We can depend on it. 這是篇可靠的新聞報道, 我們相信它。
          • Autumn is also the authentic season of renewal. 秋天才是真正的除舊布新的季節。
          2 counterfeit 1oEz8     
          • It is a crime to counterfeit money.偽造貨幣是犯罪行為。
          • The painting looked old but was a recent counterfeit.這幅畫看上去年代久遠,實際是最近的一幅贗品。
          3 sham RsxyV     
          • They cunningly played the game of sham peace.他們狡滑地玩弄假和平的把戲。
          • His love was a mere sham.他的愛情是虛假的。
          4 shams 9235049b12189f7635d5f007fd4704e1     
          假象( sham的名詞復數 ); 假貨; 虛假的行為(或感情、言語等); 假裝…的人
          • Are those real diamonds or only shams? 那些是真鉆石還是贗品?
          • Tear away their veil of shams! 撕開他們的假面具吧!
          5 jewelry 0auz1     
          • The burglars walked off with all my jewelry.夜盜偷走了我的全部珠寶。
          • Jewelry and lace are mostly feminine belongings.珠寶和花邊多數是女性用品。
          6 alibi bVSzb     
          • Do you have any proof to substantiate your alibi? 你有證據表明你當時不在犯罪現場嗎?
          • The police are suspicious of his alibi because he already has a record.警方對他不在場的辯解表示懷疑,因為他已有前科。
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