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          VOA教育報道2024--Top US Colleges Will Cost $90,000 or More; Most Students Pay Less

          時間:2024-04-22 03:18來源:互聯網 提供網友:nan ? 字體: [ ]
            (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)

          Top US Colleges Will Cost $90,000 or More; Most Students Pay Less

            The cost of attending a top college in the United States could be as much as $95,000 this year. That total includes tuition1 as well as meals and living space at the school.

            But college officials say they are helping2 students with financial support. And those from poor families may be required to pay only 10 percent of the costs.

            Wellesley College, a private women's school near Boston, Massachusetts, will cost $92,000 for 2024-2025. The college's famous graduates include former First Lady Hillary Clinton, Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and television broadcaster Diane Sawyer.

            Philip Levine is an economics3 professor at Wellesley. Levine said the figure "clearly is a lot of money, and it catches people's attention, for sure." He added, "But for most people, that is not how much they're going to pay."

            Wellesley says nearly 60 percent of its students receive financial aid. And the average amount of aid is $62,000, cutting the total cost by two-thirds.

            For American students, the amount of financial aid makes a difference. This year, however, many are concerned because the U.S. Department of Education is having major problems with a new online form, called the FAFSA. The document helps students apply for financial aid.

            One concern is that American-born children of undocumented immigrants4 must provide information about their parents. But the parents may not have the needed identity5 documentation or may be worried about showing themselves to the government.

            Mark Kantrowitz is a financial aid expert. He called the new online process "an absolute6 disaster."

            Kantrowitz said the problems might prevent students from applying for aid. That, in turn, could lower the number of students going to college and force some schools to close.

            Levine of Wellesley said his research has shown that students from lower-income families have been receiving more financial aid over the past six years. But he worries that the difference between the advertised cost and the actual cost will keep some students from applying to top colleges like Wellesley.

            Levine said, "People should be making educational decisions based on the actual cost they have to pay..."

            Schools on the list of the most costly7 include the University of Southern California, Harvey Mudd College of California, the University of Pennsylvania, Brown University, Dartmouth College and Boston University.

            Other top colleges, including Columbia University and the University of Chicago, have not listed their cost of attendance8 but they could turn out to be over $90,000 as well.

            Harvard University says its cost of attendance will be $91,000 next year. But the school notes that the average cost for families is only $13,000 and many pay nothing at all. Harvard can support many of its students because its endowment is more than $50 billion, the largest of any university in the U.S.

            The College Board is a nonprofit education organization that conducts the SAT college admission9 test. The group's research shows the average cost at private colleges and universities last year was $60,000. At public colleges and universities, the cost was $29,000 for students from the same state; it was $47,000 for out-of-state students.

            Kantrowitz said that although many receive financial aid, most students still need an additional10 $10,000 for college each year. "So families are forced to borrow that money or come up with that money from some other source," he added.

            Even with the rising costs, Kantrowitz said he believes college is still a good investment11 – as long as borrowing does not get out of control and students complete their studies.

            He warns, "if you drop out, you have the debt, but not the degree that can help you repay12 the debt."

            Words in This Story

            tuition –n. the cost paid for the classes given at a school

            graduate –n. a person who received a degree from a school

            apply –v. to provide documents in order to be considered for entry to a school

            absolute –adj. the highest or greatest amount without a debate

            income –n. the amount of money earned by a person or family in a year or period of time

            endowment –n. the money a university or other organization has in order to fund13 its operations and investments14

            admission –adj. describing the process of letting someone into a school or club

            drop out –v. to leave a school without completing a study program and getting a degree


          點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

          1 tuition lm7wS     
          n.(某一學科的)教學,講授,指導,學費
          參考例句:
          • Students can apply for individual tuition.學生可以申請個別指導。
          • Is this money enough for the tuition fee?這些錢交學費夠嗎?
          2 helping 2rGzDc     
          n.食物的一份&adj.幫助人的,輔助的
          參考例句:
          • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可憐的孩子們總是要求我把我的漢堡包再給他們一份。
          • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 這樣一來, 他在某些時候,有助于競爭的加強。
          3 economics grzxZ     
          n.經濟學,經濟情況
          參考例句:
          • He is studying economics,which subject is very important.他正在學習經濟學,該學科是很重要的。
          • One can't separate politics from economics.不能把政治與經濟割裂開來。
          4 immigrants 5567ded20d0822e7a8dbcdb0836717a9     
          n.移民( immigrant的名詞復數 )
          參考例句:
          • Illegal immigrants were given the opportunity to regularize their position. 非法移民得到了使其身份合法化的機會。
          • Immigrants from all over the world populate this city. 這個城市里生活著來自世界各地的移民。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
          5 identity McFzh     
          n.身份,本體,特征;同一(性),一致
          參考例句:
          • He never revealed his identity.他從未暴露過自己的身份。
          • He showed his identity card and went in.他把工作證亮了一下就進去了。
          6 absolute JIwyM     
          adj.十足的;絕對的;不受任何限制的
          參考例句:
          • The first year of the course was an absolute doddle.第一年的課程簡單極了。
          • I look upon this as an absolute necessity.我認為這是絕對必要。
          7 costly 7zXxh     
          adj.昂貴的,價值高的,豪華的
          參考例句:
          • It must be very costly to keep up a house like this.維修這么一幢房子一定很昂貴。
          • This dictionary is very useful,only it is a bit costly.這本詞典很有用,左不過貴了些。
          8 attendance qvFzZ     
          n.出席,出席人數,護理,照料
          參考例句:
          • The attendance of this class never dropped off.這個班的出席人數從未下降。
          • The young man danced attendance on his rich aunt.這個年輕人小心侍候他有錢的姑媽。
          9 admission 6Kuyx     
          n.允許進入;承認;入場費,入會費,入場券
          參考例句:
          • We attached a condition to his admission to our school.我們對準許他入校附加了一個條件。
          • By her own admission,she was responsible for the accident.她自己承認,事故應該由她負責。
          10 additional rJTyM     
          adj.添加的,額外的,另外的
          參考例句:
          • It is necessary to set down these additional rules.有必要制定這些補充規則。
          • I think we can fit in an additional room.我想我們可以再加建一間房子。
          11 investment xajzr     
          n.投資,投資額;(時間、精力等的)投入
          參考例句:
          • It took two years before I recouped my investment.我用了兩年時間才收回投資。
          • The success of the project pivots on investment from abroad.這個工程的成功主要依靠外來投資。
          12 repay 1VixH     
          v.償還,報答,還錢給
          參考例句:
          • I feel honor bound to repay the money I borrowed.我覺得有責任歸還我借的錢。
          • I must repay her for her kindness.我必須報答她的恩惠。
          13 fund vhUx8     
          n.基金,資金,存款,財源,貯藏;vt.提供資金,積累
          參考例句:
          • They decided to set up a fund for this purpose.他們決定為此專立一項基金。
          • This fund may not be drawn on without permission.這筆錢非經批準不得動用。
          14 investments a6dba6e72f1adaf693af15720bcbf55a     
          n.投資( investment的名詞復數 );投資額;(時間、精力的)投入;值得買的東西
          參考例句:
          • With the markets being so volatile, investments are at great risk. 由于市場那么變化不定,投資冒著很大的風險。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
          • All their money was tied up in long-term investments. 他們所有的錢都擱死在長線投資上了。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
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